Why is Part of Speech an Important Part in Learning English Grammar ?

Part of speech is the type of words which is used to compose a sentence into a coherent sentence and gives the appropriate meaning. Basically, this part of speech consists of several parts that will be quite complicated to understand in detail each part. But a question arises, is it a must to understand every part of this part of speech ? and how important is it to know? This article is made to make you understand it easily and simply.

Theoretically, understanding the parts of speech in English grammar is very important because they have an important role to form a sentence so that it is coherent and in accordance with the grammar of the sentence. So, back to grammar again, right? if you are still having trouble in learning grammar, go for it the alternative is to learn part of speech. There will be a long explanation of understanding and examples of parts of speech and their components. After reading this article, please choose for yourself which method of learning English is best for you.

1. Noun

Noun is a word used to describe people, things, places, including something abstract ones. All types of words that refer to objects are categorized as nouns. Here are the categories of nouns:

  • Countable noun (Something you can count, followed by are / +s/es/ies)
    Example : Cars, books, phones, girls, people, buildings, handphones, movies, etc
  • Uncountable noun (Something you can’t count, followed by is and has units)
    Example : Sugar, food, money, water, oil, sand, cement, pepper, flour, vapour, etc
  • Common noun (General things)
    Example : Country, vegetables, animals, vehicles, occupations, flowers, etc
  • Proper noun (Specific things)
    Example : Indonesia, carrot, cat, airplane, carpenter, carnation, etc
  • Abstract noun (Express an idea, concept, feeling, state, trait, or character)
    Example : Imagination, idea, feeling, air, gas, sound, light, etc
  • Concrete noun (Form of material or tangible)
    Example : Table, stone, house, ground, wood, jar, etc
  • Collective noun (Group of things)
    Example : Furniture, instruments, class, gank, band, etc

2. Pronoun

Used to replace a noun and is useful to avoid the repetition of using a noun. Here are the categories of pronouns:

  • Personal pronoun : I, you, we, they, she, he, it, etc
  • Demonstratives pronoun : This, these, that, those
  • Interrogative pronoun : What, where, when, why, who, whose, which, whom, how,etc
  • Relative pronoun : who, whom, which, whose, that, etc
  • Reflexive and intensive pronoun : myself, yourself, themselves, ourselves, herself, himself, itself.
  • Reciprocal pronoun : each, else, another, the other, one another , etc

3. Verb

Verbs are used to show the action of the subject, indicate events, or circumstances. Here are the categories of verbs:

  • Regular verb (+d/ed/ied) : cooked, watched, walked, played, washed, baked, cried, denied, etc
  • Irregular verb : Ate, drank, swam, slept, bought, said, went, did, etc
  • Action verb : Jump, run, dance, grow, move, take, bring, work, eat, drink, etc
  • Stative verb : Adore, deserve, forgive, miss, hate, wait, impresse, sound, look, etc
  • Linking verb : Act, be, look, seem, taste, sound, like, etc
  • Causative verb : Get, have, let, make, help, etc

4. Adverb

Used to explain verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. The various parts of speech include:

  • Adverb of time : now, recently, early, tonight, yesterday, tomorrow, next week, etc
  • Adverb of manner : Slowly, carefully, directly, quickly, etc
  • Adverb of degree : Quite, totally, enough, too, every, so, etc
  • Adverb of modality : Perhaps, possibly, unlikely, maybe, likely, etc
  • Adverb of frequency : Always, barely, daily, often, never, seldom, rare, sometimes, etc
  • Adverb of place : Behind, beside, next to, around, somewhere, nearby, away, on, under, etc
  • Adverb of focus : Also, even, just,  mainly, only, etc

5. Adjective

Used to describe the noun.
Example :
Strong, weak, diligent, lazy, smart, georgeous, brilliant, humble, easy going, spiteful, selfish, stubborn, ignorant, etc

6. Preposition

  • Preposition of time : After, before, during, as long as, since, for, until, when, etc
  • Preposition of place : On, in, under, in front of, between, beside, next to, behind, etc
  • Preposition of movement : Inside, outside, into, onto, off, towards, up, down, etc
  • Preposition of manner : By, in, like, on, without, with, etc
  • Preposition of purpose : For
  • Preposition of quantity / measure : For, by

7. Conjunction

Conjunctions are used to connect two words, phrases (phrases), clauses (clauses), or paragraphs (paragraphs).

  • Coordinative conjunction (connecting two similar grammatical constructs)
    Example : For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
  • Correlative conjunction (Works in pair)
    Example : Both….and, not only…..but also, either….or, neither……nor, etc
  • Subordinative conjunction
    Example : After, while, because, if, wherever, whenever, though, as, etc
  • Conjunctive conjunction (connecting two similar grammatical constructs)
    Example : At last, however, beside, hence, then, etc

8. Interjection (A short utterance used to express emotions).

Example :
“Go away ! I feel so annoyed by you.”
“Argh. You make me mad !”

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Author : Feraliza Widanti (Tutor Speak Out LKP PalComTech Prabumulih)

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